A cataract is when the lens inside the eye clouds, causing vision loss that cannot be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses or corneal refractive surgery like LASIK. Modern cataract surgery, however, usually can restore vision and reduce dependence on glasses. Cataracts are typically associated with the aging process and are common among the elderly.
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What is a Cataract?
Cataract Surgery Basics
Intraocular lens (IOL) surgery for cataracts is the most common refractive surgical procedure performed today. IOL technology has evolved so that patients become less dependent on eyeglasses, or are able to eliminate them entirely.
Atlantic Eye offers state-of-the-art treatment options, which are conducted by our surgeons. The procedure involves inserting an intraocular lens into the eye through a micro-incision, replacing the clouded lens. Taking only minutes to complete, doctors are able to send patients home the same day.
Do you have
Sensitivity to dim light?
Seeing halos around lights?
Fading or yellowing of colors?
These are all signs of having Cataracts
At first, the cloudiness in your vision caused by a cataract may affect only a small part of the eye’s lens and you may be unaware of any vision loss. As the cataract grows larger, it clouds more of your lens and distorts the light passing through the lens. This may lead to more noticeable symptoms.
Time to see a doctor
If you said yes to any of the questions, it may be time to see a physician and get the quality treatment you deserve. Contact us and schedule an appointment today.
Prior to cataract surgery, your ophthalmologist will perform a comprehensive eye exam to check the overall health of your eyes, evaluate whether you are a good candidate to have surgery, and identify any risk factors.
Atlantic Eye requires that patients check in at least one hour before the procedure is scheduled. Cataract surgery typically lasts only about 15 minutes, but expect to be at the surgical center for 90 minutes or longer to prepare you for surgery (dilating your pupil; administering preoperative medication) and for a brief postoperative evaluation and instructions about your recovery.
Once in the operating room and after your eyes are properly cleansed and local anesthesia is administered, your surgeon will make a small incision in your eye about 3mm wide.
Once the incision is made, the cataract surgeon will insert a probe to break up the cloudy cataract and then remove the material. A suction tube will remove all of the loose debris and the capsular bag is prepared for the artificial IOL implant.
The foldable IOL is inserted through a tube and then unfolds once in place. Intraocular lenses will have haptics or “lens arms” to hold it in place. With the cataract removed and the IOL in place, light can once again travel unimpeded to the back of the eye and focus on the retina where the image is interpreted and transmitted to the brain.
Patients are free to return home soon after surgery and are encouraged to rest for the remainder of the day. You must have someone drive you home after cataract surgery; do not attempt to drive until you have visited your eye doctor the day after surgery to confirm that you can safely drive.
Many patients experience improved vision almost immediately after the procedure, and most patients are able to return to their normal activities within one to two days after surgery.
You will be prescribed medicated eyedrops to use several times each day for a few weeks. You also must wear a protective eye shield while sleeping for about a week after surgery. To protect your eyes from sunlight and other bright light, you will be given a special pair of post-operative sunglasses.
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